INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME
1
The
papers presented
in Volume
1
cover
the
period
from Einstein's birth
until
he
obtained
a
position
at
the
Swiss
Patent
Office.
These
texts,
for the
most part
previously unpublished, provide
a
documentary
record of Einstein's
early life
and intellectual
development.
To
supplement
the documentation available from the Einstein
Archive, we
have included items from
many
other
sources,
most
of
which
are
in
Germany,
Switzerland,
and
Italy,
where Einstein
spent
his
youth,
and
in
the
United
States,
where several
of
his
descendants
live.
Collections of
letters,
school
and
university
records, government dossiers,
commercial
records,
and
newspaper
files,
located
in
archives and libraries
or privately
held,
yielded
substantial
new
material. Two-thirds
of the documents
printed
here
were
found
in the
course
of
our
search,
as
was
much of the information used in the
annotation
of this volume.
The
most
important new
material
is
a
collection of
fifty-one
letters
ex-
changed
between Einstein and
Mileva
Maric,
his
future
wife, during
the
period
covered
by
this volume. These letters
depict
the
development
of their
close
relationship,
including
the birth of
a
daughter
in
1902, a year
before
their
marriage.
Less
dramatic,
but
no
less
significant,
are
the
revelations about
Einstein's
early
scientific
ideas
in his
forty-one
letters
to
Maric.
There
are
still
many gaps
in
the
documentary
record of Einstein's
early
years:
no
letters
to his
parents
have been
found, for
example,
and the
period
before
1896 is
very
sparsely represented.
Because of this limited documenta-
tion,
and
because
of the
large
amount
of misinformation
about
Einstein's
youth,
we
have included the
opening
sections of
an
unpublished
biographical
memoir
by
Einstein's
sister,
Maja
Winteler-Einstein. These sections
are
the
single
most
valuable
source
of
information about
his
family
background
and
his
years
at
home.
They
are
included
in
the front
matter,
along
with
editorial footnotes that
provide
additional
biographical
information. The
rel-
evant
portions
of
all
third-party
letters and other
contemporary
documents
that
have
come
to
our
attention
and that
contain
significant
information
about Einstein
are
printed
as
texts.
The
Appendixes
document Einstein's
curricula at the schools
he
attended.
A map
and
a
detailed
Chronology
will
help
readers
to follow
Einstein's activities
during
the
period
covered
in this
volume.
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