BEITRAG
FÜR
SEIN LEBENSBILD liii
machte
nun
den
Vorschlag,
die
Fabrik nach Italien
zu verlegen.[16]
Jakob
Einstein
war
von
der
Idee
sofort derart
gefangen,
dass
er
Hermann Einstein
zu
der
Veränderung
überreden
konnte, ja
ihn förmlich mitriss. Die
Fabrik
in
München wurde
liquidiert,[17]
das schöne Anwesen mit der
Villa,
in
der Albert
Einstein eine
glückliche Jugendzeit
verbracht
hatte,
an
einen Bauunternehmer
verkauft,
der sofort
die
schönen
Anlagen
als
Baugrund verwendete,
die
prächtigen
alten Bäume umhauen
liess
u.
eine
ganze
Reihe hässlicher
Mietskasernen
erstellte.[18]
Die Kinder
mussten bis
zum
Zeitpunkt
der
Übersiedlung
noch
vom
Wohnhause
aus
der
Zerstörung
der
Zeugen
ihrer
liebsten
Erinnerungen
zuschauen.
Die Fabrik wurde
nun
also nach Pavia
verlegt,
die
Familie siedelte
1894[19]
[16] This
is
a
reference to
Lorenzo Garrone
of
Turin,
an
engineer
active
in
promoting
elec-
trification
in
a
number of
towns in
northern
Italy, including
Susa
(see
note
15).
The Ein-
stein brothers
probably
decided
to
move
to
Italy in
1893
(see
note
17).
Garrone became
a
partner
in
the Einsteins' Italian
firm
(see
Act
of
Incorporation, 14
March
1894,
IPavN,
no-
tarial
files
of Davide
Giulietti,
no. 581/1768).
[17]
It
was
formally liquidated
on
30
July
1894
(see
Anmeldungsformular
and Steuer-
liste for
Jakob
Einstein,
GyM-Ar).
The
deci-
sion
to close
the Munich
firm
was
made
in
1893,
after the Einsteins lost
a
major
muni-
cipal contract for
the electric
lighting of
cen-
tral Munich
(see
Reinhart
1926,
p.
31,
and
Miller and
Voit
1899,
p.
132).
In
1892
the
Einsteins
competed
for the
contract
with the
three
largest firms in
the German electrical
industry
(see
Münchener
Gemeinde-Zeitung
21, suppl.
1
to
no.
39
(16
May
1892),
pp.
611-613).
A
long
and bitter
dispute
took
place
before the
contract
was
finally
awarded
to
another
firm in
April
1893
(see Mappen
197 and
198,
GyMDM,
Sondersammlungen,
papers
of
the
Polytechnischer
Verein
in
München;
and Protokolle
von
Bürgermeister
und
Rat, 1891-1893,
GyM-Ar).
[18]
In 1885
the Einstein
family
had moved
into
a large
house
on
their
newly
purchased
lot
(see
note
12).
In June
1893
Heinrich
Hilgert,
a building
contractor
and
architect,
submitted
plans
for
the
first
of
a
series
of
four-story
apartment
houses
on
a portion
of the
Einstein
property
and started
building
in
July
(file on
Adlzreiterstraße
14,
GyM-Ar,
Lokalbaukom-
mission,
no.
354).
However,
the
property
had
not
yet
been
sold, since
the Einsteins
mort-
gaged
the land
on
which the
apartment
houses
were
being
built,
as
well
as
the
family
home,
in
August.
(See
Pyenson
1982, pp.
387-
388.
Pyenson's
discussion of the
mortgages,
however,
is not
fully
accurate,
and
two
other
loans,
cited
on
pp. 388-389,
involved
a
differ-
ent
Hermann
Einstein.) Presumably
the loans
were
taken
to
raise
money
for
the
move
to
Italy.
[19] On
14
March
1894,
Einstein,
Garrone
e
C.
was
founded
(see
Act
of
Incorporation,
IPavN,
notarial
files
of Davide
Giulietti,
no.
581/1768)
"for construction of electric
dyna-
mos, arc lamps,
and electrical instruments"
as
well
as
"installation of electric
lighting
sys-
tems." The
firm
built
a factory
in
Pavia and
had
its office in
Milan and
a
branch
in
Turin
(information
and
quotations
from advertise-
ment
in
Savallo
1895, p.
vii).
The
exact
date of
the
family's
move
to
Italy is
not
known. On
1
June
1894
Hermann Einstein
registered
his
departure
from
Munich, first for
the
nearby
town
of
Planegg
and then for
Italy (Anmel-
dungsformular
for Hermann
Einstein, GyM-
Ar).
His family may
have
spent
the
summer
in
Planegg.
By
2 October,
the
family was
liv-
ing
at via
Berchet
2
in
Milan,
which
was
also
the firm's address
(Records
of
1894-1895
school
year,
Internationale Schule Protestan-
tischer Familien in
Mailand,
now
held
by
the
successor
Scuola
Svizzera di Milano,
and
Savallo
1895, p. 45).
Albert Einstein remained
in Munich.
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