EDITORIAL METHOD xxxi
the
original
nor a
photocopy
is available,
we
base
our
text
on a
previously
transcribed
or printed
version. If
more
than
one
such version
is
available,
we
select
the
one
that
we
believe to
agree
most
closely
with features characteristic
of the
author's
style,
orthography,
and
punctuation;
we
depart
from the
text
only
to correct
unambiguous typographical
errors.
In the
case
of
published items,
we
take the first version
published
in
the
original language as
our
primary
text.
For Einstein's
publications,
we
note
variations
in later editions
prepared during
his lifetime.
If
an
original
manu-
script
is available,
small differences
are
recorded
in
footnotes. If the
manu-
script diverges
substantially
from the
printed version,
the dissimilar
portions
of the
manuscript
are
presented as a separate
text,
preceding
the
printed
version. When
no
manuscript, typescript,
or
printed
version
in
the
original
language is
available,
a
published
translation is used
as our
text.
An
English
translation authorized
by
Einstein
as
the
first
published
version
is printed
after
the German
text, if
the latter
is
available.
PRESENTATION
Published
writings
and
manuscript diagrams are reproduced
in
facsimile;
all
other material included
in
this edition
is
typeset.
Texts in each volume
are
ordered
chronologically.
Published
papers
are
dated
by
the date of
comple-
tion,
if
known; otherwise,
by
the date of submission
or
publication.
If
a
tem-
poral span is
attributed
to
a
document,
the earlier date determines
its
position
in
the volume.
An
undated
text
enclosed with
or
inserted in
another
text fol-
lows
the
latter,
unless evidence
suggests
an
earlier
or
later
origin.
Titles and
dates of
items in
the
Writings are
noted
at
the
appropriate point
in
the chrono-
logical sequence
in
the
Correspondence.
This
will
also
apply
to
postmarked
envelopes
to
which
text
enclosures
cannot
be
assigned.
Within each volume each
text
is
given a
number and
an
English
title.
A
translation of
the
original
title
is
used,
when such
a
title
exists.
Letters
are
titled,
but
Einstein's
name
is
omitted when he
is
the
author
or
recipient.
Except
in
the
case
of
published papers,
the
text
is
followed
by a
descriptive
symbol: e.g.,
"ALS" for
"Autograph
Letter
Signed"
(see
the List of
Descrip-
tive
Symbols
in
each
volume).
If
no
provenance is
specified,
the
source
is
the
Einstein
Archive. Otherwise,
the location of the
original,
in
parentheses,
fol-
lows
the
descriptive symbol.
If the location
is unknown,
the
source
of the
photocopy
or
transcript
used
is
given.
Symbols
for
documentary repositories
follow
the
guidelines
in
The
Library
of
Congress
National
Union
Catalogue
(see
the List of Location
Symbols
in each
volume).
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