7 0 2 D O C . 4 5 5 T R A V E L D I A R Y
the Republic and the president of the Senate. In his brief speech, Einstein expressed his admiration
for the manner in which Eastern European Jewry who “despite the bad condition that they found
themselves as a result of the war, they had nevertheless succeeded to maintain their Judaism and to
manifest it in all they did.” He also expressed his concern for the plight of the Jews in Western Europe
whose “individual success was at the expense of collective Judaism.” He praised the important role
of Zionism in restoring their “national dignity” and stated that he “regarded the Jewish National
Movement as an act of salvation of the Jewish soul” (see Keren Hayesod Bulletin, 26 May 1925). For
Einstein’s speech, see also Appendix H. Ben-Zion Mossinson (1878–1942) was a member of the Gen-
eral Zionist Council. He was visiting Argentina as a representative of the Palestine Foundation Fund
(see also La Prensa, 7 April 1925).
[49]José Arce.
[50]Einstein made use of the Easter break for a three-day rest in Llavallol (see Ortiz 1995, p. 105).
He was interested in a theory that unified the gravitational and electromagnetic fields; see also note 9
[51]Enrique Butty; Ramón G. Loyarte (1888–1944) was Professor of Physics at the University of
Buenos Aires; Coriolano Alberini (1886–1960) was Professor of Philosophy and Dean of the Faculty
of Humanities at the University of Buenos Aires. Eduardo Huergo. Other members of the travel party
were Ángel Gallardo and Nirenstein and his wife, Magdalena Nirenstein-Holmberg Jorge (1876–
1946). Córdoba is located 700 kilometers northeast of Buenos Aires. Einstein was greeted at the Cór-
doba railway station by academics, government officials, and representatives of Jewish institutions
that included the Herzl Society. During his brief visit to the city, Einstein lodged at the Plaza Hotel
(see La Prensa 13 April 1923, and Ortiz 1995, pp. 105–106).
During his visit to Córdoba, Einstein also met with Georg F. Nicolai (see Doc. 474).
[52]The banquet was held at the Plaza Hotel and attended by Einstein and his entourage; the rector
of the University of Córdoba, Léon S. Morra; faculty members; and the province’s governor (La
Prensa, 13 April 1923). The Sierras de Córdoba mountain range lies to the west of Córdoba.
[53]The reception for Einstein was hosted by the rector of the university. The newly elected gover-
nor of the province of Córdoba was Ramón J. Cárcano (1860–1946). In Córdoba, Einstein also toured
Lake San Roque and lunched at the Edén Hotel de la Falda (see La Prensa, 13 April 1923, and Gangui
and Ortiz 2005, p. 25).
[54]Coriolano Alberini.
[55]The Córdoba cathedral, the Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, was initially built in the late six-
teenth century and rebuilt in the early eighteenth century.
[56]Einstein does not mention the sixth in his lecture series, which he delivered on 15 April. For the
lecture, see Appendix F.
[57]Einstein was greeted at the offices of the Federación Sionista Argentina by Isaac Nissensohn
and Natán Gesang. For the statement on Zionism he made at the federation, see Appendix E (see La
Prensa and La Epoca, 17 April 1925, and Ortiz 1995, p. 111).
[58]The special session of the Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales was
hosted by the president, Eduardo L. Holmberg. For the proceedings of the session, see Appendix J. A
detailed account was also published in La Prensa, 17 April 1923.
[59]For the seventh in Einstein’s lecture series, see Appendix F. On the occasion of this lecture, Ein-
stein was presented with a diploma of honorary membership of the Faculty of Exact, Physical, and
Natural Sciences by Ramon G. Loyarte (see La Prensa, 18 April 1925).
In attendance at the reception were Ángel Gallardo, Minister of Education Sagarno, Minister of
Agriculture Tomás Le Breton, positivist philosopher José Ingenieros, civil engineer Nicolás Besio
Moreno, musician Carlos López Buchardo, officials of the German Embassy, the president of the Ger-
man cultural institution Ricardo Seeber, and Nirenstein. For a full list of the invitees, see Die Deutsche
La Plata Zeitung, 18 April 1925. The German community in Argentina numbered some 30,000 peo-
ple (see Tolmasquim 2012, p. 125).
In a report to his Foreign Ministry, the German ambassador expressed his disappointment that the
local German community had boycotted all events held in Einstein’s honor, “weil einzelne ihrer na-
tionalistischen Mitglieder ein Interview Einstein’s in der Nación als pacifistisch missbilligten”
(“because a few of its nationalistic members disapproved of an interview by Einstein in the Nación as
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