D O C . 1 8 9 D E C E M B E R 1 9 1 9 1 6 1
ted as a doctoral dissertation and whether, overall, I am not deluding myself in as-
suming that I could produce something original in the field of theoretical physics.
I am now 27 years of age and, upon completing my university studies (employed
as an assistant in experimental physics at the Budapest Polytechnic), I immediately
began to think in this direction, which in the enclosed study is presented all too
sketchily still, even though my speculations date back—albeit with some interrup-
tions—more than 2 years. Private publication was unfortunately not possible be-
cause of the enormous associated costs and so I had to resort to lithography in order
to have a number of copies available to forward a copy each to other experts as well
(particularly Planck, Laue, Sommerfeld). Naturally, I am not entitled to decide
whether my paper is ready enough for publication in a journal, but nonetheless
would be so bold as to ask whether in the event of publication you, Professor, would
approve of the dedication:
“Dedicated to the noble standard-bearers of constructive speculation:
Albert Einstein and Max Planck, in deferential admiration.”
In presenting my compliments to your attention, highly esteemed Professor, I re-
main, very respectfully,
Kornel Loewy (-Lánczos).
189. To Paul Ehrenfest
[Berlin,] 4 December 1919
Dear Ehrenfest,
Galinka’s little picture is inimitably prettier than all that cackling by the startled
flock of newspaper
By the way, I myself participated in the cackling by
writing a short article in the Times, in which I thanked our English colleagues, said
a few things to characterize the theory, and at the end produced the following wit-
ticism: A simple application of the theory of relativity: today German newspapers
are calling me a German man of science, the English, a Swiss Jew. If I come to be
represented as a bête noire to the readerships, I should be a Swiss Jew for German
newspapers and a German man of science for the
I understand your difficulty in describing the development of
It sim-
ply comes from your wanting to base the innovation of 1905 on epistemological
reasons (nonexistence of the ether at rest) instead of on empirical ones (equivalence
of all inertial systems against
The epistemological requirement starts only in 1907. Why should relativity pre-
vail with respect to uniform motion alone, especially considering that the equality
of inertial and gravitational mass suggests an extension of the principle of
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