DOC.
48
313
Fig.
1
each
passing
leaflet will
change
the
quantity of
electricity
on
A'1
until
a
stationary
state
has been
reached.
If
P'1
denotes the absolute value of the
negative
potential
of
A'1
in the stationary
state,
then
we
must have
n
p1

ai
'
where
a1
is the transformation
ratio,
a
constant independent
of
P1.
If
A1
and
A'1
are
leafletshaped,
a1
will be
a
proper
fraction.
But
if
A1
and
A'1
are shaped
like
bows,
which
at
the instants of
contact
formation surround
the leaflets
B on
both sides,
we can
easily
arrange
that
a1
1, e.g.,
a1
=
10.
This is
what
we
will
assume
in
the
following.
Let
us
envisage
several
such
elements connected
in
series
according
to
the
accompanying
scheme (Fig.
2).
The secondary
conductor
A'1
of
the first
element
shall
be
connected with
the
primary
one
A2
of
the
second element,
the secondary
conductor
A'2
of the
second element
with the
primary
one
A3
of
the third
element,
etc. The secondary
conductor
of
the last
element
shall
be
connected
to
an
electrometer
V.
If
one
imagines
a
certain
potential
P1
supplied to
the
primary conduc
tor
A1,
then
a
stationary
state
of
the
whole
arrangement
will
be
established
after
a
certain
time.
The
following
equation
will then hold for it: