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Schmidt-Ott, 19 April 1920, cited in Zierold 1968, pp. 12–13; Einstein to Julius Burghold, 25 April
1920, and Schreiber 1923, p. 102).
A number of committees were also set up in the United States to funnel assistance to academic
institutions and individuals. The Director of the German-American Relief Committee for Germany
and Austria, Hugo Lieber of New York, met with leading figures of the Prussian Academy, including
Einstein, in Berlin in the second half of September 1920 to suggest setting up local central committees
for the distribution of funds (see extract of article in Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, 21 September
1920, GyBP, I. Abt. Rep 1A, Nr. 937, p. 51), and the following year a fund to be administered by the
German Red Cross was set up in Chicago to assist indigent German scientists and teachers. Einstein
was asked for the names of deserving individuals, and he proposed two candidates (see Joachim von
Winterfeldt to Einstein, 4 July 1921, and Einstein to Joachim von Winterfeldt, 13 July 1921).
In addition to its lack of access to foreign scientific literature, the Prussian Academy was partic-
ularly concerned about inflationary pressures on its subsidies for large-scale ongoing projects and the
publication of new research. Support for projects and printing costs of articles and monographs had
risen on average fivefold to eightfold over prewar levels (see Adolf von Harnack’s memorandum of
February 1920, cited in Zierold 1968, p. 5, and Rubner 1920).