BEITRAG FÜR SEIN LEBENSBILD liii machte nun den Vorschlag, die Fabrik nach Italien zu verlegen. Jakob Einstein war von der Idee sofort derart gefangen, dass er Hermann Einstein zu der Veränderung überreden konnte, ja ihn förmlich mitriss. Die Fabrik in München wurde liquidiert, das schöne Anwesen mit der Villa, in der Albert Einstein eine glückliche Jugendzeit verbracht hatte, an einen Bauunternehmer verkauft, der sofort die schönen Anlagen als Baugrund verwendete, die prächtigen alten Bäume umhauen liess u. eine ganze Reihe hässlicher Mietskasernen erstellte. Die Kinder mussten bis zum Zeitpunkt der Übersiedlung noch vom Wohnhause aus der Zerstörung der Zeugen ihrer liebsten Erinnerungen zuschauen. Die Fabrik wurde nun also nach Pavia verlegt, die Familie siedelte 1894  This is a reference to Lorenzo Garrone of Turin, an engineer active in promoting elec- trification in a number of towns in northern Italy, including Susa (see note 15). The Ein- stein brothers probably decided to move to Italy in 1893 (see note 17). Garrone became a partner in the Einsteins' Italian firm (see Act of Incorporation, 14 March 1894, IPavN, no- tarial files of Davide Giulietti, no. 581/1768).  It was formally liquidated on 30 July 1894 (see Anmeldungsformular and Steuer- liste for Jakob Einstein, GyM-Ar). The deci- sion to close the Munich firm was made in 1893, after the Einsteins lost a major muni- cipal contract for the electric lighting of cen- tral Munich (see Reinhart 1926, p. 31, and Miller and Voit 1899, p. 132). In 1892 the Einsteins competed for the contract with the three largest firms in the German electrical industry (see Münchener Gemeinde-Zeitung 21, suppl. 1 to no. 39 (16 May 1892), pp. 611-613). A long and bitter dispute took place before the contract was finally awarded to another firm in April 1893 (see Mappen 197 and 198, GyMDM, Sondersammlungen, papers of the Polytechnischer Verein in München and Protokolle von Bürgermeister und Rat, 1891-1893, GyM-Ar).  In 1885 the Einstein family had moved into a large house on their newly purchased lot (see note 12). In June 1893 Heinrich Hilgert, a building contractor and architect, submitted plans for the first of a series of four-story apartment houses on a portion of the Einstein property and started building in July (file on Adlzreiterstraße 14, GyM-Ar, Lokalbaukom- mission, no. 354). However, the property had not yet been sold, since the Einsteins mort- gaged the land on which the apartment houses were being built, as well as the family home, in August. (See Pyenson 1982, pp. 387- 388. Pyenson's discussion of the mortgages, however, is not fully accurate, and two other loans, cited on pp. 388-389, involved a differ- ent Hermann Einstein.) Presumably the loans were taken to raise money for the move to Italy.  On 14 March 1894, Einstein, Garrone e C. was founded (see Act of Incorporation, IPavN, notarial files of Davide Giulietti, no. 581/1768) "for construction of electric dyna- mos, arc lamps, and electrical instruments" as well as "installation of electric lighting sys- tems." The firm built a factory in Pavia and had its office in Milan and a branch in Turin (information and quotations from advertise- ment in Savallo 1895, p. vii). The exact date of the family's move to Italy is not known. On 1 June 1894 Hermann Einstein registered his departure from Munich, first for the nearby town of Planegg and then for Italy (Anmel- dungsformular for Hermann Einstein, GyM- Ar). His family may have spent the summer in Planegg. By 2 October, the family was liv- ing at via Berchet 2 in Milan, which was also the firm's address (Records of 1894-1895 school year, Internationale Schule Protestan- tischer Familien in Mailand, now held by the successor Scuola Svizzera di Milano, and Savallo 1895, p. 45). Albert Einstein remained in Munich.