2 4 D O C . 3 I N T E R N A T I O N A L C H A R A C T E R O F S C I E N C E Russell furthermore addresses the problem of social policy. Driven by an ardent interest in the progress of human organization, he traveled through Bolshevist Rus- sia to learn its lessons.[4] His ideal is the development of the free creative powers of the individual within a social order that banishes fear about one’s livelihood without lapsing into a hypertrophic bureaucratism, the worst enemy of socialistic endeavors. We may or may not agree with individual details of Russell’s opinions. What a delight it is to become acquainted with the thoughts of a sharp-minded and truly noble man of our time on issues that touch all serious people today. Let each person make up his own mind about this great Englishman. A. Einstein 3. “The International Character of Science” [Berlin, before or on 1 January 1922][1] Prof. Dr. A. Einstein [2] Contribution to the textbook by Graf Kessler and Ströbel. January 1922[3][4] When during the war nationalist and political delusions had reached their zenith, Emil Fischer emphatically stated at an Academy meeting: “You can do nothing, gentlemen, science is—and shall remain—international!”[5] This the great scien- tists always knew and passionately felt, even if during times of political conflict they remained in isolation from their fellows of lesser stature. During the war this mass of eligible voters promoted in every camp the sacred wares entrusted to them. The internationalist association of academies was blasted asunder.[6] Conferences were—and still are—being organized to the exclusion of fellow professionals from former enemy countries.[7] Solemnly argued political considerations stand in the way of the supremacy of purely factual considerations so essential in fostering the great causes. What can the well-intentioned do, who are not cast down by the emotional attacks of the moment, in order to win back what has been lost? Truly international large-scale conferences still cannot be organized owing to still existing agitation by
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