7 4 6 D O C U M E N T 4 5 3 M A R C H 1 9 2 3 Even though President Woodrow Wilson had been the driving force behind the creation of the League of Nations, opposition within Congress led to the United States not joining the League (see Northedge 1986, pp. 85–87). The French Socialist politician Albert Thomas (1878–1932) was director of the International Labour Organisation, an institution of the League of Nations. Robert Cecil (1864–1958) was a British statesman, one of the authors of the Covenant of the League of Nations. “Things done cannot be undone.” The Volksbund für die Unabhängigkeit der Schweiz, a right-wing organization, fought against Switzerland’s joining the League of Nations. Gonzague de Reynold (1880–1970), Swiss writer and historian, was a member of the Commit- tee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations. The committee held its first session in August 1922 and submitted a report in September. Einstein 1923e (Doc. 425) was presented to the Prussian Academy by Max Planck and pub- lished on 13 March 1923. The Dutch-German expedition on Christmas Island failed to make observations due to the cloudy sky (Freundlich 1923). On the other hand, the Berliner Tageblatt (22 September 1922, Eve- ning Edition) announced the success of observations made in Australia. For the card to Besso, see Doc. 401. Lucien Chavan. In his divorce decree, Einstein promised to give the proceeds from the Nobel Prize to Mileva, after keeping 40,000 marks from it. For further conditions, see Divorce Decree, 14 February 1919 (Vol. 9, Doc. 6). Swiss German for “doesn’t reach far enough under any circumstances.” Ermina Besso (1852–1922). One of the cousins was most likely Giacomo Orefice (1865–1922), an Italian composer. Fritz Brönnimann. “Infaulentia” is a humorous conflation of the German words “Influenza” and “Faulheit” (i.e., laziness). 453. To [Ilse Einstein] [Berlin, before 24 March 1923] 1) Muraour soll Bücher zurückgeben Bitte schreiben. 2) Steuer verlangt Aufstellung über Vermögensstand Ende 1922 3) Ministerium behauptet ich hätte Preussische Staatsbürgerschaft mit Anstel- lung 1914 erworben. Bitte Moszkowski fragen, ob dies bindend ist, zumal ich während des Krieges nicht als Preusse behandelt wurde. Ferner was dies für Kon- sequenzen verschiedener Art hätte. Ob meine Buben dadurch auch Preussen sind 4) Welche Schritte wegen Entschädigung für Wohnungsschäden sind notwendig (Moszk.) ADft. [29 179.18]. Ilse was Einstein’s secretary at the time. Dated by the fact that he expressed his opinion on his citizenship in Doc. 454. Possibly Henri-Charles-Antoine Muraour (1880–?), a French explosives chemist and head of the Military Inter-Allied Control Commission’s chemical section in Berlin. See Doc. 431. Alexander Moszkowski was also a lawyer.