5 6 6 D O C . 3 7 9 T R A V E L D I A R Y [44]Maximilian Pfister and Anna Pfister-Königsberger. [45]It was upon his arrival in Shanghai that he learned that he had been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. He first received a telegram and was subsequently informed of the award by the Swedish consul-general. The press reported that he “expressed great pleasure over being awarded the Nobel Prize” (see China Press, 14 November 1922, and Min Guo Ri Bao, 15 November 1922). Fourteen Jap- anese journalists interviewed Einstein upon his arrival. The restaurant in which they dined was Yi Pin Xiang. The journalist was actually the Shanghai correspondent for the Japanese newspaper Tokyo Nichinichi, [?] Murata (see Min Guo Ri Bao, 14 November 1922 China Press, 14 November 1922 and Tokyo Nichinichi, 15 November 1922). [46]In the afternoon, they visited the Chenghuag Temple and the Yuyuan Garden in the old city of Shanghai and attended a performance of the traditional Kunqu opera at the Xiao-Shi-Jie (Little World) Theater (see Min Guo Ri Bao, 14 November 1922). [47]Apparently, the tea was attended by members of the German community of Shanghai (see China Press, 14 November 1922). [48]The Jewish delegation was headed by the Rabbi of Shanghai, Woolf Hirsch (see Israel’s Mes- senger, 1 December 1922). [49]The dinner took place at the residence of Yiting Wang (1867–1938), an entrepreneur, socialite, philanthropist, painter, and Buddhist scholar. The German-speaking Chinese couple were Shi Ying, dean of the Zhejiang School of Law and Political Science, and his wife, Shu Zhang. Their daughter was Huide Ying. The rector of the University of Shanghai was Youren Yu (1878?–1964). Another prominent guest was Junmou Zhang, a former professor at the University of Beijing. For a group por- trait taken during the visit, see Illustration 9. [50]The dinner speeches by Youren Yun and Einstein were published in Min Guo Ri Bao, 14 November 1922. In his speech, Einstein expressed his admiration for Wang’s art and his belief in the future contribution of Chinese youth to science. [51]Lord Richard B. Haldane. [52]The Gakushi-Kai, an association of male graduates from imperial Japanese universities. The reception was held at the Y.P.S. Hotel (see Israel’s Messenger, 1 December 1922). [53]Hantaro and Toyo (1870–1946) Nagaoka. Jun Ishiwara. Ayao Kuwaki. The German consul was Oskar Trautmann (1877–1950). The German club was the Japanisch-Deutsche Gesellschaft (the Club Concordia), established in 1911. According to diplomatic and press reports, Einstein arrived at 3 P.M. and was greeted by Ishiwara, Aichi, the noted Japanese pacifist Toyohiko Kagawa, and “several oth- ers” (see Governor of Hyogo Prefecture to Minister of Diplomacy, 18 November 1922 [JTDRO, Dip- lomatic R/], and Japan Times & Mail, 17 November 1922). Einstein could not be greeted by the German ambassador, Wilhelm Solf (1862–1936), as he had not yet returned from a brief stay in Germany (see Grundmann 2004, p. 229). [54]Upon his arrival, Einstein told the many reporters “that his present visit is to see the sights of the country and become acquainted with Japanese art and music, particularly the latter.” He also stated that “[h]e is glad to come to Japan as he feels he is thereby promoting human brotherhood through the medium of science.” Einstein spoke in German to the reporters, and Elsa translated his replies into English (see Japan Times & Mail, 18 November 1922). In another interview, he said that “I always had the wish to see the Land of the Rising Sun ever since I read [the author] ‘Lafcadio Hearn’ and the ‘Tales of Old Japan,’ by Lord Redesdale. My wish in coming to these shores was prompted by my intention to make fast the ties among the different nations through intellectual bonds to make the world of science one international community” (Osaka Mainichi, English Daily Edition, 18 November 1922). The Oriental Hotel. [55]Einstein departed Kobe at 5:30 P.M. from the San-no-miya railroad station, accompanied by Yamamoto, Ishiwara, and Nagaoka. He arrived at Kyoto station at 7:30 P.M. and lodged at the Miyako Hotel in Kyoto (see Governor of Hyogo Prefecture to Minister of Diplomacy, 18 October 1922, and Governor of Kyoto Prefecture to Minister of Diplomacy, 18 November 1922 [JTDRO, Diplomatic R/]). [56]Einstein’s car passed the Kamo-Shrine, the Heian-Shrine, and Kyoto Gosho, the former impe- rial palace (see Ishiwara 1923, pp. 18–19).
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