D O C . 1 5 7 D AV O S U N I V E R S I T Y L E C T U R E S 2 8 1 Published in Einstein 1929a, pp. 14–16. An ADft in Einstein’s hand, with the title “Die Davoser Hochschulkurse” added in Rudolf Kayser’s hand and with significant textual differences, is also available [28 057]. Also published in Einstein 1934b, pp. 51–53, under the title “Die Davoser Hoch- schulkurse.” [1] Dated by the fact that this address was delivered by Einstein on 18 March 1928, just prior to his delivery of the festive inaugural lecture, Doc. 156 (see Davoser Blätter, no. 488 [23 March 1928]: 13). [2] “Senatores boni viri” in the ADft. Latin for “the senators are good men, but the senate is a mali- cious animal.” This is a well-known saying about the Roman senate, usually attributed to Cicero. Einstein used the same phrase in a 1922 essay (see “The Character of Science,” Vol. 13, Doc. 3, p. 55 and its note 9). [3] After this paragraph, Einstein inserted the following paragraph in the ADft but crossed out its contents: “Wenn einer Freude haben will am Streben menschlicher Gemeinschaften, so darf er nicht nach den Triebkräften fragen, welche in Herrn X und Frau Y am Werke sind. Ist man gescheit und feinfühlig genug, so vernimmt man sonst eine recht banale eintönige Melodie und kanns mit Ehrlich- keit wohl nur zum Einsiedler oder Misantropen bringen. Aber wie der Künstler aus der rohen, undif- ferenzierten Tonmassesein sublimes Werk formt, so vermag die Natur durch Verbindung hinfälliger und armseliger Individuen DingeWerke zu vollbringen, denen man von der Enge und Erdgebun- denheit des Individuums nichts mehr anmerkt. An solchen Werken und der in ihnen sich manifestie- renden GemeinschaftspPsyche einer gesunden Gemeinschaft kann der Mensch frei werdenreine Freuden erleben.” [4] The Davos University Lectures originated with an initiative by the Austrian military officer Gustav Kaiser, who issued an appeal to the local authorities to establish an international university at Davos in 1924. This issue was taken up by the Hungarian neurologist Jenő Kollarits, who in 1926 initially proposed the establishment of a full-fledged university in Davos, yet then advanced the idea to hold international adult education courses there. That same year, Friedrich Jessen, the medical director of the Waldsanatorium in Davos, proposed holding university courses during the academic vacations. A conference and festive concert to generate interest in the project were held in Davos in August 1927. These initial steps eventually led to the establishment of an organizing committee for the Davoser Hochschulkurse. The committee’s members were the Frankfurt sociologist and political economist Gottfried Salomon, who was its academic head the chief magistrate of Davos, Erhard Branger and its secretary and technical and financial head, Paul Müller. Einstein held his convivial inaugural lecture on 18 March at 5 P.M. in the fully packed theater au- ditorium of the Davos Curhaus to an audience of 700 (see Davoser Blätter, 30 March 1928, and Davoser Revue, 15 April 1928). At the first Hochschulkurse in 1928, courses were offered in philosophy, literature, jurisprudence, and the social sciences from 18 March to 14 April. Forty-nine prominent academics from Germany, France, Belgium, Austria, and Switzerland offered lectures during the 1928 courses. A total of 364 registered students and 400 auditors attended the courses. (see Müller 1928a, pp. 5–8, and Müller 1928b, p. 1). [5] “die dem einenicht jedem klar erkennbare Not zugrunde liegt.” in the ADft. [6] “sollen. sei es zu” in the ADft. [7] “auf gestigem Wege” in the ADft. The organizing committee defined three goals for the Hoch- schulkurse: to enable students from all countries to stay for long periods in the mountains without having to break off their studies to advance the connections between scholarship and sport and the nexus of intellectual efforts and physical invigoration and to establish a community of students from various nations and linguistic backgrounds who could work and live together (see “Davoser Hoch- schulkurse,” February 1928 [PD]. [73 739]). [8] “über die Gründungsschwierigkeiten bereitshinausgewachsen ist” in the ADft. Probably a ref- erence to the original plans to establish a full-fledged university, which had to be abandoned owing to legal, technical, and financial reasons (see Müller 1928a, p. 7). [9] “und inner siemanche” in the ADft.
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