D O C . 3 0 1 C H I L D R E N I N N E E D 4 9 7 Published in Der Montag Morgen, 7 June 1926, p. 2, and in Der Rote Helfer 2,7: [5?]. For recent examples of politically motivated indictments and convictions, see Doc. 83. Other examples of politically motivated trials and sentences were the so-called Tscheka trial, in which the death penalty was imposed on three members of a Communist underground group, the Tscheka, in April 1925, and the case of Walter Bullerjahn, who was sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment for treason in December 1925 (see Hannover and Hannover-Drück 1966, pp. 193 and 220). The provision that prisoners had to pay “imprisonment fees” derived from the “Bundesgrund- gesetze” of 1897, which determined that prisoners had to carry out eleven hours of forced labor— usually working for small businesses—for a wage of 1.5 marks. These wages went directly to the state. The primary motivation for these provisions were economic—to fund the prison system and to boost private industry (see Hillebrand 2009, pp. 8–10). Both homes had been established by the International Red Aid as part of its efforts to assist des- titute families of political prisoners. On the organization, see Doc. 344, note 1. The home in Elgers- burg had been opened on 12 April 1925 in spite of the mayor’s opposition. It was given the name MOPR, the Russian acronym for the International Red Aid, as Soviet donations had been crucial in its funding. The home, located in the artists’ colony of Worpswede, had been opened in July 1923 and was housed in the artist Heinrich Vogeler’s villa. Einstein was a member of the International Red Aid’s board of governors (see Brauns 2003, pp. 118–123). Among the signatories were several prominent authors, artists, actors, and bankers, including Alfred Döblin, Arthur Holitscher, Magnus Hirschfeld, Klabund, Siegfried Jacobsohn, Rudolf Kayser, Hugo Simon, and Heinrich Zille.