802 DOC. 511 A P P E A L TO C O O L I D G E [2 ]   NEW YORK TIMES, MONDAY, APRIL 11, 1927. C A B L E S E N T T O C O O LID G E. E in s te in a n d R o llan d in G ro u p T h a t A sk s P a rd o n f o r th e P a ir . C opyright, 1927, by T h e N ew York T im es Company. Special Cable to T h e N e w Y onk T im e s . P A R IS , A pril 10.—A lbert E instein, H enri B arb u sse and R om ain R olland h av e se n t th is cable to P re sid en t Cool- idge: "T h e defense com m ittee fo r th e vic- tim s of F ascism and th e w hite te rro r p ro test ag a in st th e th reaten ed execu- tion of Sacco and V anzetti and dem and th e ir liberation." N ow th a t th e d a te of execution is set, th e Socialists and C om m unists of F ra n ce and o th er continental countries a re p lan n in g a concerted effo rt to ob- ta in a pardon fo r th e tw o convicted Italia n s. W h at form this will ta k e is not disclosed, though pressu re is be- ing brought to b ear on th e G overn- m ent through Socialist influences to obtain som e so rt of intercession by W ashington. T his, how ever, is un - likely. H o th ead s am ong th e C om m unists and S ocialists continue to urge re - p risals w ith o u t being a t all specific. T hese th reaten in g o u tb u rsts n everthe- less a re causing th e police m uch un- easiness, and th e A m erican E m bassy and C onsulate w ill continue to be heavily guarded un til a fte r th e execu- tion. A m bassador H errick, w ho h as been th e principal ta rg e t in E urope for th e th re a ts an d p ro tests of sym pa- thizers, w ill probably be on a vacation in O hio du rin g th e w eek fo r w hich th e execution now is set. Published in New York Times, 11 April 1927, p. 8. [95 647]. Nicola Sacco (1891-1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1888-1927) were Italian-born American anarchist activists who had been arrested on 5 May 1920 and indicted on 11 September for the killing of a paymaster and his guard in South Braintree, Massachusetts, during an armed robbery on 15 April 1920 (see New York Times, 10 April 1927 Joughin and Morgan 1978, p. 108 and Neville 2004, p. 8). Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) was the thirtieth president of the United States. On the establishment of the Comité de défense des victimes du fascisme et de la terreur blanche, see Docs. 471 and 472. Sacco and Vanzetti had stood trial for the murders in Dedham, Massachusetts, from 31 May 1921 and had been found guilty on 14 July 1921 (see New York Times, 30 May and 15 July 1921). Following several years during which their defense submitted new evidence and filed motions for a new trial and an international defense committee had made their plight a cause célèbre around the world, Judge Webster Thayer sentenced Sacco and Vanzetti to death on 9 April 1927. They were scheduled to be executed by the electric chair at Charlestown State Prison in Boston the week of 10 July (see New York Times, 10 April 1927, and Neville 2004, pp. 18-53). Myron T. Herrick (1854-1929) was the American ambassador in Paris. A hand grenade had been thrown into his residence in August 1921. He also received subsequent death threats in connec- tion with the Sacco and Vanzetti case (see Neville 2004, pp. 44-45 and 80).